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Altar of the Fatherland

After many, the colossal monument, of white marble, disturbs perception of antic ruins of Roman Empire, seems too pompous and garish.

As a building constitutes fruit of epoch witch used to express its assumptions in symbolic way. Figures on both sides of entrance represent Adriatic and Tyrrhenian See encircling Italy.

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San Pietro

Because of abnormal size of the enterprise, it lasted more than 150 years to give the church its contemporary form. The Basilica of St Pietro is a fruit of massive effort of some generations of the most prominent architects of their epochs. The opus was supported by Michelangelo, author of the dome -the ‘prelude’ of Baroque, which manifests itself in double rhythm of prominent pilasters surrounding the tholobate below. As a representative of Renaissance, he paved the way for new era in architecture. The new movement places emphasis on strong light-and-shadow contrast. Michelangelo reused Bramante’s project, setting the church on the Greek cross plan.

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Piazza Navona

Present shape of Piazza Navona is dictated by oval of ancient Stadium of Domitian, fragments of its structure are still visible in the northern frontage of Piazza Navona.
On the request of Pope Innocent X’s there took a place a vast reconstruction of the complex, in according to main Baroque principle.

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Città del Vaticano

Basilica di San Pietro La basilica di San Pietro in Vaticano (nome esatto completo papale basilica maggiore di San Pietro in Vaticano) è una basilica cattolica della Città del Vaticano, simbolo dello Stato del Vaticano, cui fa da coronamento la monumentale piazza San Pietro. È la più grande delle quattro basiliche papali di Roma, spesso descritta come la più grande chiesa del mondo. e centro del cattolicesimo. In quanto Cappella Pontificia, posta in adiacenza del Palazzo Apostolico, la basilica di San Pietro è la sede delle principali manifestazioni del culto cattolico ed è perciò in solenne funzione in occasione delle celebrazioni papali, ad esempio per il Natale, la Pasqua, i riti della Settimana Santa, la proclamazione dei nuovi papi e le esequie di quelli defunti, l’apertura e la chiusura dei giubilei e le canonizzazioni dei nuovi Santi. Musei Vaticani I Musei Vaticani si trovano in viale Vaticano a Roma, all’interno dello Stato della Città del Vaticano, occupando gran parte del vasto cortile del Belvedere. Sono una delle raccolte d’arte più grandi del mondo, dal momento che espongono l’enorme collezione di opere d’arte accumulata nei secoli dai Papi. Il museo è stato fondato da papa Giulio II nel XVI secolo. La […]

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Trevi Fountain

This piece of art, the Trevi Fountain, constitutes historic landmark of Rome and the largest Baroque fountain of the city. Erected on initiative of Pope Clement XII was completed in 1762. The structure has substituted for the former one, designed by Leon Battista. After the open competition, proposal of Gian Lorenzo Bernini, was considered beyond financial capability of Papal Court. There was selected sketch, submitted by Nicola Salvi. Author of the design has never seen the final effect of his work. The statue of Oceanus by Pietro Bracci’s was placed in the main niche, eleven years after Nicolas Salvi death. His project was completed by Giuseppe Pannini who in 1762, added present allegories instead of planned sculptures of Agrippa e Trevia.

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