After many, the colossal monument, of white marble, disturbs perception of antic ruins of Roman Empire, seems too pompous and garish.
As a building constitutes fruit of epoch witch used to express its assumptions in symbolic way. Figures on both sides of entrance represent Adriatic and Tyrrhenian See encircling Italy. At the top of the stairs there is a Tomb of an Unknown Soldier, hold from years in the highest esteem. The constantly flaming candles are to commemorate soldiers fallen during the I World War. The monument of first king of united country, towering above, 12m long and 10 m high, belongs to the biggest existing monuments of this kind. Its pedestal is covered by sculptures symbolizing the biggest cities of Italian Republic.
Giuseppe Sacconi, author of the monument put the meaning of his work in two phrases: ‘Patriae Unitati’ (united country) and ‘Civicum Liberati’ (individuals freedom).
Although originally was designed as a monument to Victor Emmanuel II, later served as well a national purpose, reinforcing the patriotic spirit in new country. That is why we will find there embodiments of civic virtues like the Strength, the Law, the Unity, the Action, the Thought, the Sacrifice. The other sculptures symbolize sixteen regions of united Italy, and the most prominent cities like Venice, Ferrara, Turin ,Milano, Florence and others.
As an object is controversial, not only because ‘kocked’ vast medieval district off ‘perch’. There was too many significant events passed over in silence, which never appeared in main stream historical books. In the face of thousands of victims, members of Pontelandolfo and Casalduni decimate by Bersagliri, southern Italian soldiers and irregular combatants who had occasion to ‘test’ the first, in the modern history, concentration camps in 1860, the idyll of unification, or rather conquest, turns pale.